The Atlantic or wild canary (Serinus canaria) begins its breeding season in nature when the temperature is warm, when there is plenty of daylight, and when food is abundant. The breeding season begins in late winter (February) or early spring (March), and continues until early summer (June or July) in its habitat, the Madeira, Azores, and Canary Islands.
The domestic canary, a bird that lives in our homes, sleeps at sunset and wakes up at sunrise just as it does if its keepers allow it to.
The canary’s yearly cycle of breeding, molting, and resting continues uninterrupted by sleeping at sunset and waking up at sunrise.
Aviary birds are very sensitive to cold weather, so the temperature in your home matters. If you keep an aviary bird, be sure to keep it warm enough. Otherwise, the bird’s cycle might break, which can cause health problems for the bird. You can also accidentally interrupt the breeding cycle or make it impossible for your bird to breed.
For the expert, breeding canaries is easy. You can control when and how long they breed by manipulating the weather and the food. The expert can do this in any season he wants, but the beginner should just leave it to chance, because nature knows best.
There’s a reason why the canary breeding season begins in the spring
Birds can breed anytime during the spring season. It’s the best time of year for it. This is because of mild temperatures and longer daylight, making food more abundant and providing an opportunity for more sunlight — all of which encourages birds to start a family.
TThese factors don’t appear overnight, but rather gradually. They work together to create the right environment for the canary to breed successfully. Let’s examine each factor in turn.
The influence of daylight
In order to ensure the health and fertility of your canary, it is essential to improve its diet. One way to do this is to provide it with a good supply of food. If your pet bird’s diet is inadequate, it might become infertile or lay eggs that do not hatch.
When it comes to your bird, timing is everything. The exact time of egg laying depends on the individual bird, not just on what month it is. Some birds will lay eggs in February, and others will lay eggs in late March or early April.
In general, the timing of breeding depends on the bird, but it also depends on its geographical location. The environmental conditions surrounding the bird in the breeding room are important too.
As the days get longer, the temperature rises. Spring is about to arrive. Insects and plants are thriving, making food more abundant for birds to feed their young.
In captivity, the canary breeder needs to mimic nature. He can do so by letting birds sleep at sunset and wake up at sunrise, which will prepare them for the breeding season. In captivity, the breeder must also leave birds to go through winter without artificial heat. One month before the breeding season, the breeder should gradually improve food quality and options.
Note: When it’s cold outside, canaries can withstand colder temperatures than humans. As long as they’re well-fed and the indoor cage isn’t drafty or damp, the birds will be okay. If you’re worried about your canary in the winter, you can adjust the temperature by 10 to 15 degrees to make it more comfortable.
Tip: The optimal temperature for breeding is 15°C. If your birds are kept at lower or higher temperatures, they will still be alright. But you should generally not increase the temperature above 25°C during breeding season. Mites grow vigorously when it is very warm, especially over 25°C.
To get the best reproductive success from your canary, you need to provide a good diet. An inadequate diet can lead to low fertility and low hatchability. Birds need more fats, protein, vitamins, and minerals during the breeding season. So, make sure you provide supplements or foods not limited to seeds only.
You have canaries. You want them to have sex. You need to feed them better. If you want to have canary babies, you must feed them better at least one month before the breeding season begins. Do this in the middle of January and consider adding supplements if you are having trouble getting your canaries to have sex.
The end of the canary breeding season
After the longest day in the year, the daylight hours start to get shorter. This signals the end of breeding season for canaries. The birds start to build nests and lay eggs in preparation for the next year’s breeding season.
As winter is declining, canaries are beginning to molt. This means they are ending their breeding season. The decrease in daylight is one factor that causes molting. So is the increase in temperature that results from the hot summer days.
Canary birds can change their feathers out of season if they notice a sudden change in weather or light. If you want to force your canary to molt, just make a dramatic change in daylight. Let’s say you decrease daylight from 14 hours to 8 hours for a week and then bring it back to its normal length.